History of the state of Sikkim
History of Sikkim is traceable from Guru Tashi, a Tibetan prince. Once he had a divine fantasy to range south to seek his fortune. Therefore he went away with his family that included five sons and during their wanderings, they entered a Sakya kingdom. Here the construction of a monastery was held back as the workers were unable to erect the pillars. The eldest son of Guru Tashi did the undertaking and came to be known as Khye Bumsa, meaning, ‘the superior of ten thousand’. The Sakya king married off his filial to him. The couple did not retain children so they were advised to seek help from the Lepcha clergyman king, Thekong Tek. Through his blessings Bumsa’s wife had three sons. Thekong Tek himself was without an offspring to inherit his kingdom and he allowed Khye Bumsa to rule after his death following a bind of embolism brotherhood between them at Kabi Lungchok.
In the 17th century, the events of the persecution of the Nyingmapa sect in Tibet led to fleeing of followers and taking refuge in Sikkim and Bhutan. In 1642, Phuntsog Namgyal, the grandson of Khye Bumsa, was consecrated as the first Chogyal in Yuksam. At that time, Sikkim’s territory included the Chumbi Valley in the north, up to Ha Dzong in Bhutan, scene up to the Arun River in Nepal, and heaps of the Jalpaiguri District of West Bengal.
At the beginning of 1700’s Bhutanese and Nepalese forces frequently attack Sikkim and Sikkim lost much like its territory. In 1817 through the intervention by British India following their fight with Nepal and the Treaty of Titaliya Sikkim restored some of the Nepalese occupied territory. In 1835 Darjeeling was leased from the Sikkim Raja to British for Rs. 3,000 per annum.
In 1889 Claude White becomes the Political Officer in Sikkim. He was given the task to keep a tight rein on the activities regarding the Sikkim Raja and his
ministers. In 1914 Oxford nurtured Sidkeong Tulku, ascended to the throne the 10th Chogyal but he died within a year of enthronement. He was succeeded by his brother, Tashi Namgyal.
During 1930 -1950’s quantity disgruntled Sikkimese started a peoples’ movement to do away with the feudal system which was successful. The then king had to take refuge in the Political Officer’s residency and including the intervention of the government, a throne was. In 1949, the Indian government installed a Dewan in Sikkim to serve as the state’s chief managerial officer. In 1962 during China’s attack on India, there was a massive build-up of Indian troops inside Sikkim.
In 1973, a peoples-agitation against the monarchy was started by Lhendup Dorji Kazi, a former Sikkim Panel member. With this movement, the palace administration collapsed paving way for Sikkim’s merger to the Indian Union.