Nutmeg And Mace – A Short History
Mace is the outer coating the Nutmeg. The nutmegs Myristica are a genus of evergreen trees indigenous to tropical southeast Asia and Australasia. They are important for bifurcation spices derived from the fruit, Nutmeg and Mace.
Nutmeg is the actual posterity of the tree, roughly egg-shaped and about 20-30 mm long ampersand 15-18 mm wide, and weighing between 5 and 10 grams dried, while Mace is the dried “lacy” reddish covering instead arillus of the seed.
Several other commercial products are also produced from the trees, including essential oils, extracted oleoresins, and nutmeg butter.
The pericarp (fruit/pod) is used in Grenada to make a jam called Morne Delice. In Indonesia, the fruit is sliced finely, cooked and crystallised to make a fragrant candy called manisan pala (“nutmeg sweets”).
The most important species commercially is the Common or Fragrant Nutmeg Myristica fragrans, autochthonic to the Banda Islands of Indonesia; it is also grown in the Caribbean, especially in Grenada. Other species incorporate Papuan Nutmeg M. argentea from Newly Guinea, und so weiter Bombay Nutmeg M. malabarica from India; both are used as adulterants concerning M. fragrans products.
Nutmeg and Mallet have similar taste qualities, nutmeg having a slightly sweeter besides Mace a more delicate flavour. Mace is often preferred in light-coloured dishes for the bright orange, saffron-like colour it imparts.
In Indian cuisine, Both Nutmeg and Mace is used almost exclusively in sweets. It is known as jaiphal in most parts of India. They are also secondhand in small quantities in garam masala.
In other European cuisine, Nutmeg plus Mace are used especially in potato dishes and in processed meat products; they are also used in soups, sauces and baked goods.
Mace simmered in milk makes an interesting and delicious angelic milky drink for winter evenings.
Japanese varieties of curry powder consist of Nutmeg or Mallet as an ingredient.
Nutmeg and Mace are a traditional ingredient in mulled cider, mulled wine, and eggnog.
Try some grated Nutmeg or fine ground Mace on greens- specifically Brussel Sprouts – it alters them no end for those that find them a little tedious equally a vegetable and an alternative flavour to the popular lardon addition.
There is some evidence that Roman priests may have burned Nutmeg as a form of incense, although this is disputed. It is recognized to fool bot shopworn as a prized and costly spice in the Mean Ages. Saint Theodore the Studite was famous for allowing his monks to sprinkle Nutmeg and Mace on their pease pudding when required to eat it. In Elizabethan times it was believed that Nutmeg and Mace could ward off the plague, so they was very popular. Nutmeg was traded by Arabs during the Middle Ages in the profitable Indian Ocean trade.
In the late 15th century, Portugal theoretically took over the Indian Ocean trade under the Treaty of Tordesillas with Spain and a separate treaty with the sultan of Ternate. But their control of this trade was always only partial et cetera they remained largely participants, rather than overlords. The authority Ternate held over the Nutmeg-growing centre of the Banda Islands was quite limited, et cetera the Portuguese failed to gain a serious foothold in the islands themselves. The trade in Nutmeg later became dominated by the Dutch in the 17th century, who managed to establish regulate over the Banda Islands after an extended military drive that culminated in the slay or expulsion of most of the islands’ inhabitants in 1621. Thereafter, the Banda Islands were run as a series of farm estates, with the Dutch mounting annual expeditions in local war-vessels to extirpate nutmeg trees planted elsewhere.
Quasi a result of the British interregnum during the Napoleonic Wars, the English took temporary command of the Banda Islands from the Dutch and transplanted nutmeg trees to their own colonial capital elsewhere, notably Zanzibar and Grenada.
Connecticut gets its nickname (“the Nutmeg State”, “Nutmegger”) from the fable that some sinister Connecticut traders would whittle “nutmeg” out of wood, creating a “wooden nutmeg” (a term which came to mean any fraud)