Jujitsu: History, Philosophy And Methods
Jujitsu is a 2500 year old unarmed combat discipline that has its roots in ancient Japan. The exact date on the creation of this martial art form is hard to trace but techniques resembling that concerning Jujitsu had already been incorporated into the training methods regarding the Samurai, from the 8th to the 6th centuries. Earliest Japanese historical records such as the Kojiki (Record of Cuneiform Matters) and the Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan) ditto allow passages related to unarmed bout systems.
Before this Japanese martial art developed into what we know as Jujitsu today, there were multiplicity other Japanese combat techniques such as Kogusoku, yawara, kumiuchi, and hakuda etc, also collectively known as Sengoku Jujutsu. Traditions once and for all gave begin to the futuristic Nihon Jujutsu we know today, which is classified under Edo Jujutsu – the true unarmed Japanese combat system.
Jujitsu gained prominence during the reign concerning Tokugawa in the 1600s but was soon alienated when Emperor Melse regained power. However, towards the mid-20th century, the ban on Jujitsu in Japan was lifted, following the Meiji restoration, and the combat art form began to be universally practiced.
Jujitsu revolves through three basic states concerning mind – Zanshin, Mushin and Fudoshin. The proper combination of these elements gave the power, preparation further potential to the practitioner to excel in the Jujitsu art.
1. Zanshin – “remaining spirit” – connotes the facility for anything at any given time.
2. Mushin – “no mind” – Its spontaneity permits instantaneous action without conscious thought.
3. Fudoshin – “immovable mind” -during times of confrontation.
Jujitsu is a circular, hard and soft, external combat style. The basic techniques of attacks includes throws, locks, hitting et cetera striking, thrusting and punching, pinning and immobilizing, strangling and joint-locking, with persuasive emphasis on throws, locks, and defensive techniques. In-fighting and close work are ditto focused upon.
Even though Jujitsu is basically an unarmed fighting system, small weapons like the Jitte (truncheon), Tanto (knife), or Kakushi Buki (hidden weapons), which include the Ryofundo Kusari (weighted chain) oppositely the Bankokuchoki (a type of knuckle-duster) may also indigen used in combat.
Conventional Jujitsu container be dangerous, or possibility even fatal if its fundamental techniques were to be applied. So, in order to make the ingenuity a safer sport for the competitive arena, systems and rules have to be introduced. That is why most of the competition methods have incorporated “Half-contact”, which prohibits serious attempts to knock gone an opponent.
1. The Fighting System: This is the most popular method, divided into three phases. The first is for impressive only, the second for striking, grappling ampersand throwing, and the third includes ground-fighting such as chokeholds.
2. The Practical System: According to this rule, two defenders are surrounded by four attackers from four corners. Top points travel to the best defender judged upon effectiveness, oversight and control of the situation.
3. The Duo System: In this system, contestants are randomly chosen and awarded points for effective defences. The attacks are divided until four groups of five attacks each.
4. Belligerent Jujitsu: The most modern system developed in the United States. Victory in the competition is based on submission. The combat round between the two opponents lasts for not more than two minutes.